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医疗服务
主页医疗服务诊断服务微生物
微生物

微生物
一般资料
1)一般微生物化验样本和化验表单,请依指示送到化验室。如有疑问,请向化验室工作人员查询
2)每个样本应妥善收集,放置在适当的容器中, 并加盖紧
3)所有被视为具有潜在传染性的样本必须小心处理,以避免污染样本容器外。所有样本容器必需盖紧,否则样本将被拒绝接收并退回所发送到部门
4)每个样本必须附有适当的化验表单,所有提供资料必须正确填写于表单上
5)请发送所有收集样本往化验室
6)化验表单
a) 小便常规,妊娠试验,大便常规,大便潜血及粪便对轮状病毒请使用浅黄色的化验表单
b) 所有培养细菌,涂片检查和病毒抗原检测用深黄色的化验表单 .化验表单上请填写病人正服用的抗生素药名称,以方便试验.不用填写抗菌剂,如抗真菌,抗病毒等药物的名称
c) 体液常规,脑嵴液常规和脑嵴液化验请使用绿色化验表单
d) 病毒研究,病毒培养需发送(卫生署)病毒科作调查,请附上额外的粉红色申请表单(DH1293A)主诊医生亦请正确签署和填写病人临床资料和过往病歷纪录

样本採集指引

 

TEST

CONTAINER

REMARK

Blood culture for bacteria

MW Bloodgrow culture bottle Bloodgrow

Take blood culture before giving antibiotics: using aseptic technique. 3-5ml blood should be added into the blood culture bottle

Blood culture for Mycobacteria

Special bottle

By arrangement in advance with lab

CSF for direct smear, antigen detection and culture CSF

Sterile universal bottle or Elkay 12x75mm sterile tube

Send immediately after collection to avoid lysis of cells and death of organism

Body fluids other than CSF, eg joint fluid, pleural fluid etc for cell count and culture

Sterile universal bottle

Send immediately after collection

 Pus, vaginal, cervical, eye, ear, wound, throat and nasal swabs for direct smear and culture

Sterile plain cotton wool set

Send immediately after collection

NPA for direct viral antigen detection

Sterile disposable tracheal suction kit or sterile universal bottle

Send immediately after collection

Sputum for direct smear and culture

Sterile plastic container

Collect fresh sputum(not saliva) aseptically into the container

Urine for routine and/or culture

 yellow cap bottle

Collect fresh random mid-stream urine. Minimum quantity required is 20 m

Urine for pregnancy test

yellow cap bottle

 

Stool for routine and/or culture

Red cap plastic bottle

Collect approx.10 gm fresh stool

Stool for amoeba

Red cap plastic bottle

Collect approx.10 gm fresh stool and select blood and mucus part. Send immediately to lab

Stool for Rotavirus

Red cap plastic bottle

Collect approx.10 gm fresh stool Send immediately to lab

Tissue for smear and/or culture

Sterile universal bottle

Send to lab without delay

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