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醫療服務
主頁醫療服務診斷服務微生物
微生物

微生物
一般資料
1)一般微生物化驗樣本和化驗表單,請依指示送到化驗室。如有疑問,請向化驗室工作人員查詢
2)每個樣本應妥善收集,放置在適當的容器中, 並加蓋緊
3)所有被視為具有潛在傳染性的樣本必須小心處理,以避免污染樣本容器外。所有樣本容器必需蓋緊,否則樣本將被拒絕接收並退回所發送到部門
4)每個樣本必須附有適當的化驗表單,所有提供資料必須正確填寫於表單上
5)請發送所有收集樣本往化驗室
6)化驗表單
a) 小便常規,妊娠試驗,大便常規,大便潛血及糞便對輪狀病毒請使用淺黃色的化驗表單
b) 所有培養細菌,塗片檢查和病毒抗原檢測用深黃色的化驗表單 .化驗表單上請填寫病人正服用的抗生素藥名稱,以方便試驗.不用填寫抗菌劑,如抗真菌,抗病毒等藥物的名稱
c) 體液常規,腦脊液常規和腦脊液化驗請使用綠色化驗表單
d) 病毒研究,病毒培養需發送(衛生署)病毒科作調查,請附上額外的粉紅色申請表單(DH1293A)主診醫生亦請正確簽署和填寫病人臨床資料和過往病歷紀錄

樣本採集指引

 

TEST

CONTAINER

REMARK

Blood culture for bacteria

MW Bloodgrow culture bottle Bloodgrow

Take blood culture before giving antibiotics: using aseptic technique. 3-5ml blood should be added into the blood culture bottle

Blood culture for Mycobacteria

Special bottle

By arrangement in advance with lab

CSF for direct smear, antigen detection and culture CSF

Sterile universal bottle or Elkay 12x75mm sterile tube

Send immediately after collection to avoid lysis of cells and death of organism

Body fluids other than CSF, eg joint fluid, pleural fluid etc for cell count and culture

Sterile universal bottle

Send immediately after collection

 Pus, vaginal, cervical, eye, ear, wound, throat and nasal swabs for direct smear and culture

Sterile plain cotton wool set

Send immediately after collection

NPA for direct viral antigen detection

Sterile disposable tracheal suction kit or sterile universal bottle

Send immediately after collection

Sputum for direct smear and culture

Sterile plastic container

Collect fresh sputum(not saliva) aseptically into the container

Urine for routine and/or culture

 yellow cap bottle

Collect fresh random mid-stream urine. Minimum quantity required is 20 m

Urine for pregnancy test

yellow cap bottle

 

Stool for routine and/or culture

Red cap plastic bottle

Collect approx.10 gm fresh stool

Stool for amoeba

Red cap plastic bottle

Collect approx.10 gm fresh stool and select blood and mucus part. Send immediately to lab

Stool for Rotavirus

Red cap plastic bottle

Collect approx.10 gm fresh stool Send immediately to lab

Tissue for smear and/or culture

Sterile universal bottle

Send to lab without delay

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